- A Monthly Newsletter from VANI

January - February, 2012

Archive eVANI
In this Issue:
  • From editor’s Desk
  • Interview
  • Forthcomming Events
  • Publications of VANI
  • News in General



India, China doing more for climate cause: UNEP report .  
  Voluntary climate mitigation action of the emerging economies such as India will lead to higher reduction in global warming causing carbon emissions as compared to emission cut pledges of the rich nations.
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Big win for India at Durban climate meet .  
In what is perceived as a moral victory, a new negotiating draft for conference of 195 countries at the port city on Wednesday had India's concerns on equity and unilateral carbon tax.
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NGOs based in hostile countries a source of terror funds: Government
Government said NGOs based in foreign countries, particularly those which provide a safe haven to terrorists acting against India, are considered a potential source of terrorist funding.
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About e-VANI
e-VANI is published monthly and provides updates on VANI’s programmes and activities, news in the development/voluntary sector and useful resources to strengthen the capacity of development/voluntary organizations.
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Edited & Written by :
Binu Sebastian

Executive Summary, A report by Bill Gates to G20 leaders, Cannes Summit, November 2011


Leadership from the G20 is critically important right now. The global economic situation is as fragile as it has been at any time in the past 50 years. As leaders of the G20, you face a difficult challenge: How do you resolve the immediate crisis while continuing to make smart investments in long-term growth and improved living conditions?

During my lifetime, innovations in business, science, and technology have energized the global market economy in unprecedented ways. The world economy is 500 percent bigger than in 1960. Whole groups of countries that had been at the margins have become key drivers of growth. Their success is widely viewed as a miracle.

This progress has benefited everyone, not just the richest. You can see progress in the rising Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of many countries around the world. You can also see it in falling poverty rates and other quality-of-life indicators captured in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), established by world leaders in 2000 and agreed to by all G20 nations.

In the past 50 years, a billion people were saved from starvation by advances in agriculture. Health has improved in stunning ways, thanks to innovations like vaccines. In 1960, 20 million children under the age of 5 died. In 2010, fewer than 8 million children under 5 died. The world population more than doubled during this time, which means the rate of death has been cut by over 80 percent. Aid generosity has played an important role in these successes.Despite the current economic crisis, I am optimistic that we can build on the generosity and innovations that worked in the past. The group of countries able to contribute resources to development is larger than ever before. The number of people who can spur innovations is much greater than in the past. For these reasons, I am convinced we can create a new era in development.

Aid Has Helped Reduce Child Deaths Dramatically, and Can Continue to Do So



Sources: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation estimates

In this report I talk about the long-term investments and partnerships I believe will keep us on the path of economic growth and increasing equity.

I begin the report by describing the paramount importance of innovation. Key innovations like new seeds and vaccines—and new ways to deliver them to the poorest—can multiply the impact of the resources we're already devoting to development. We've made a big difference, but we can improve the basic tools of development by making them cheaper, easier to use, and more efficient—or by inventing wholly new tools.

One of the newest resources for development—and potentially one of the most transformative—is rapidly growing countries' capacity for innovation. Countries like Brazil, China, India, and Mexico are in a great position to work closely with poor countries because they have recent experience in reducing poverty, as well as enormous technical capabilities. This unique combination gives them both the insights and the skills to create breakthrough tools for development. I am particularly excited about the possibility of “triangular partnerships” among rapidly growing countries, traditional donors, and poor countries, because they exploit the comparative advantages of many different countries.

Ultimately, developing countries' domestic resources will be the largest source of funds for development. To maximize the impact of these resources, poor countries must raise more revenue; spend it on priorities like agriculture and health, which many have committed to do; and, following the lead of G20 countries that pioneered impact evaluation, measure the cost-effectiveness of their programs. One important way G20 countries can help poor countries raise more revenue is by passing legally binding transparency requirements for mining and oil companies listed on their stock exchanges, to ensure that natural resources are well-managed.

Meanwhile, traditional donors must take steps to meet their aid commitments and spend their aid strategically. If the countries that have made promises stick to them, it will generate an additional $80 billion annually starting in 2015. Over the years, Official Development Assistance (ODA) has had a huge impact, and it will continue to play a pivotal role in development, alongside all the new resources I write about. Well-designed aid reduces poverty right now, and accelerates poor countries' progress toward the moment when they will no longer need it. There's a lot of pressure on aid budgets given economic conditions, but aid is a very small part of government expenditures. The world will not balance its books by cutting back on aid, but it will do irreparable damage to global stability, to the growth potential of the global economy, and to the livelihoods of millions of the poorest people. In the report, I include some tax proposals G20 countries should consider that could help them meet their aid commitments and eventually expand them.

Finally, I talk about ways to get the private sector much more involved in development. As a businessman, I believe the free market fuels growth. Unfortunately, the market often fails to address the needs of the poorest, but there are relatively simple things we can do to encourage private investment in development. For example, G20 countries could facilitate an infrastructure fund—with sovereign wealth funds as the backbone—that generates both development impact and financial returns. I also make recommendations about tapping into the goodwill of diaspora communities by issuing bonds, lowering the cost of remittances, and creating pull mechanisms to incentivize private investments in development.

When you put all this together, I believe you begin to get a picture of why the G20 Summit is such an important place to be having a conversation about development. We can cast aside our old categories of aid, as distinct from private investment, as distinct from domestic spending. The G20 countries can pull all these levers at once, giving the world a more comprehensive and cooperative approach to improving the lives of the poor than we've ever had before.

Case Story

Harassments meted out by the Voluntary Organizations for the Registration

Tribal Social Development Society, Jharkhand

Tribal Social Development Society is a registered not for Profit Society and works in the tribal district of Saraikela Kharsawan of Jharkhand district. The Society was registered in the year 1993-94 when Jharkhand was a part of erstwhile Bihar State. After the division of Jharkhand in the year 2000, the Jharkhand Government made it mandatory for the NGOs registered with Bihar Society Registration Department to renew their registration with Jharkhand Societies Registration Department. The Society applied for the registration in the State of Jharkhand in 2006-07. However the process of getting the society registered was long and arduous. The office bearers of the Society had to make frequent trips to the government departments as the office staff from the department found silly and trivial loopholes within the application. It soon became evident that the office staffs were looking for something “extra” to process the application. Their expenditure of every visit to the department from Saraikela was around Rs. 600. After five to six such visits, they had to relent to the demands of the office staffs and they obliged the office staff with Rs. 5000. The following month the society was registered with the department. The Secretary of the Society Mr. Turaan Kumar agrees that it was a mistake to do so but says, “When you want to fight the system you have to equip yourself. We paid the money because we were losing money and time by coming to Ranchi. Further, we had to pay money to the consultants as well for any change or correction in the documents. Kya karre kabhi kabhi jhukna padta hai”.

Gramoday Chetna Kendra
Gramoday Chetna Kendra was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in the year 1992 with the Office of Bihar Registration Department. The Society has its registered office in Chatra district of Jharkhand. After the division of Bihar, the Society re-registered itself with the Jharkhand Government. This Society too faced the similar problem with the registration department in the year 2006. They were made to visit the office and the staff made deliberate efforts to delay the registration. According to Mrs. Savita Banarjee, the secretary of the organisation, “We knew these were the tricks of the staffs to harass us so that we bribe them but we did not relent. In one of the visits, we made them clear that if our registration is cancelled, we will demand an enquiry for all the previous registrations. This worked and within few days we received our registration certificate through post”.

Past Events

Events - December

1-2 State consultation in Chhattisgarh: The objective of the meeting was to share information related to the FCRA 2010, proposed DTC, future of funding scenario and key challenges, project management, systems of internal governance and harassment faced by the voluntary sector from the state government. Altogether 42 participants attended the program. Questions were raised on accountability, internal systems of governance, organizations being referred to as political in nature and skill building of small and medium sized organizations.

November 26, 2011: Strengthening and Enabling the Voluntary Sector, CYSD, Bhubaneswar, Odisha

VANI in collaboration with CYSD Bhubaneswar organized a one day interactive workshop to reflect on the future strategies to strengthen the small and medium sized voluntary organizations. The objectives of the meeting were to share information related to the new FCRA 2010 and the proposed DTC, future funding scenario and key challenges, project management, systems of internal governance and harassment faced by the voluntary sector from the state government.

Events – January

17, Pre-budget consultation with Finance Minister: VANI used this occasion to highlight one of the pressing concerns of the voluntary sector today. i.e. many voluntary organizations have been receiving notices from the Income Tax Department for taxing their income. VANI has also coordinated with media to build public opinion on this issue. Click here to read the media coverage on the same http://www.vaniindia.org/

18- 19, Western Regional Meeting in Udaipur: VANI in collaboration with CASA Udaipur organized two days Western Regional Workshop on State of Voluntary Organizations: Opportunities and Challenges on 18-19 January 2012. The workshop was attended by 51 participants from all the four states of the western region i.e. Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. The objective of this consultation was to discuss about the recent developments in legal framework (FCRA 2010 and DTC) and its implications on the voluntary sector.

Forthcomming Events in VANI

Following are the forthcoming events in VANI. Please get in touch with the contact persons for each programme to have more details .

Date and Venue
Contact person
State Consultation in Madhya Pradesh
5 & 6 March, Bhopal
North East Regional Consultation
5 & 6 March, Guwahati
Ratna – ratna@vaniindia.org
State Consultation in Maharashtra
13 & 14 March, Nagpur
Ratna – ratna@vaniindia.org
National Convention of VANI
27 & 28 March, New Delhi
Jyotsna – jyotsna@vaniindia.org

Publications from VANI

Civil Society and its Myriad Dimensions: The outreach of voluntary sector has become multifaceted as it touches diverse areas. This quarterly makes an effort to look into this aspect of the sector. Besides this, it touches upon on diverse issues like, G20, FCRA, DTC, outcomes of VOICE 20011 (VANI's AGM) etc. Click here to access it our website.

Model Policies for Internal Good Governance in Voluntary Organizations: This publication is one among the few initiatives from VANI to promote the internal governance of the voluntary organizations. It outlines some basic policies that an organisation needs to comply with to ensure that its activities and programmes are principle-centered and value-oriented.

Annual Report 2011: VANI has released its Annual Report of 2011. Please write to info@vaniindia.org to get a copy of the same.

News in General

India, China doing more for climate cause: UNEP report.
Click here to read the report>>>

NGOs based in hostile countries a source of terror funds: Government
Click here to

Big win for India at Durban climate meet .
Click here to

Better Indo-Pakistan ties augurs well for South Asia
Click here to

MHA eye on NGOs funding terrorists
Click here to

US continues to be the biggest donor for Indian NGOs
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Poor social security, a major concern for workers in Asia-Pacific region 
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Voluntary Action Network India (VANI)
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Email : info@vaniindia.org , Phone : 011- 29228127 & 29226632 , Website : www.vaniindia.org